Monday, February 22, 2010

Diabetes and Oral Health:

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin.

Insulin, a hormone made by pancreas, converts sugar and other foods into glucose. It then helps carry the glucose from the blood into your cells to be used for energy needed for daily life. Without insulin, your blood glucose level rises.

Diabetes makes all the tissurs in your body more susceptible to infection, including the tissues in your mouth. In fact, people with diabetes are twice as likely to develop gum disease when their blood glucose (sugar) levels are poorly controlled. Gum disease is caused by the bacteria in plaque - a sticky, colorless film that forms on your teeth. The plaque bacteria releases toxins that irritate the gums.

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